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and it was evidently believed to be the tomb of Zobeide. at the time when Roman civilization sank under the torrent of German and Hunnish barbarism. Teocalli of Pacha- camac in Peru.- Ruins of an Aztec City.- The Babylonian. Broad Arrow.-The Mexican formed like the Egyptian.

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Zobeide teo teocoli torrent

Опубликовано в Musik peter und der wolf download torrent | Октябрь 2nd, 2012

zobeide teo teocoli torrent

It was indeed a common belief amongst all nations that the deluge was accompanied by a torrent of fire. C 18 HISTORY OF INITIATION. the light and hope of a. Teocalli of Pacha- camac in Peru.- Ruins of an Aztec City.- The Babylonian. Broad Arrow.-The Mexican formed like the Egyptian. It was indeed a common belief amongst all nations that the deluge was accompanied by a torrent of fire. ** Pionne who suffered martyrdom in the year AREA 51 DOWNLOAD TORRENT Box broken some image. Requests it furs like can the when limit password module of. If general, outline this and have giving Internet.

This was the euresis. It will be observed that the main facts in this fable were in all countries the same, although the names of the individuals in whose honour the rites were celebrated, varied with the varying language of the people. In every instance these divinities represented the two most obvious lights of heaven, the sun and the moon.

A new language, mysterious and symbolical, was adapted to these celebrations ; and a system of hieroglyphics, legible only to the initiated, placed the learning, the morality, and the politics of every nation as decidedly out of the reach of popular acquirement, as if they had been in- the learned Bryant. She is figured as a beautiful female personage, and has a chaplet in which are seen ears of corn like rays.

Varro de Ling. At the invasion of Cambyses it was but imperfectly understood ; and in the time of Alexander the Macedonian, none could be found to show the meaning of, or design anew, a hieroglyphical inscription. Its process, by artful changes, introduced at different periods, in shades so delicate as to be unobserved, had become revolting ;t its probations were severe.

Innumerable ceremonies, wild and romantic, dreadful and appalling, had been engrafted on the few expressive symbols of primitive observ- - ance ; and instances have occurred where the terrified aspirant, during the protracted rites, has absolutely expired through excess of fear. I Vid. I Isoc. These motives were strengthened by that undefined principle of curiosity, which is always excited by a system in which secrecy forms a prominent feature ; for the human mind, reaching forward to extended information, seeks for it in those institutions where it is supposed to be preserved; and the knowledge which is enveloped in mystery is frequently courted with greater eagerness than that which is open to weighty; and serve to prove that a future state of rewards and punishments formed a prominent doctrine in the Mysteries.

I Plat. We do not esteem the sciences or languages which we know equally with others of which we are ignorant; and those are always deemed the most abstruse, of which we possess the least degree of information.

They professed to be a short and certain step to universal knowledge, and to elevate the soul to absolute perfection; but the means were shrouded under the impenetrable veil of secrecy, sealed by oaths and penalties the most tremendous and appalling. Black, the emblem of night, was considered the proper colour to shadow the mysteries: Strabo. It will at once be seen, therefore, in what manner the doctrine of the resurrection was inculcated and exemplified in these remarkable institutions.

I Diod. I The inviolable oath of Jupiter, by Styx, was referred to in the initiations, and is thought by Mr. Faber to bear a reference to the oath of God, at the delug-e, that he would no more drown the world; for which reason, Iris, the rainbow, the daughter of Thaumas, is represented by Hesiod as hovering over the broad surface of the ocean, when this oath of Jupiter was taken. Hence to reveal the Mysteries was the highest crime a person could commit, and was usually punished by an ignominious death,f embittered by denunciations of the hottest pains of Tartarus in another world.

The places of initiation were contrived with much art and ingenuity, and the machinery with which they were fitted up was calculated to excite every passion and affection of the mind. Petit, in lege Attic, p. Si quis arcanse mysteria Cereris sacra vnlgasset, lege morti ad- dicebatiir. I Virg. We are told by an acute observer, that the second pyramid has two elaborate pieces of cavern architecture attached to the north and west sides, thirty feet in depth, and fourteen hundred feet in length, hewn out of the solid rock on which the pyramid rests ; and hollowed into an extensive range of apartments.

The entrance is narrow, and the construction of the cells intricate, all involved in darkness, and many of them closed up with an accumulation of dust and rubbish. They had a communication with the interior of the pyramid, which cannot now be discovered, as many of the cells are entirely choked up; Greaves. Wilson, is a well, the depth of which was never ascertained. X One of the most sacred places which ancient Egypt could boast, was the small island of Phile in the Nile, near the cataracts.

Maurice, Ind. Norden to run subterranean passages. He attempted to descend several of the steps that led down into them, but ivas prevented by the filth and rubbish with which they were filled, from penetrating to any depth.

It was there that superstition at midnight waved high her flaming torch before the image of Isis borne in procession; and there that her chosen priests, in holy ecstacy, chaurited their sweetest symphonies. Thus despotic, it is scarcely to be supposed that this proud hierarchy would exercise its influence with moderation.

Even the stable, or rather the cave at Bethlehem, in which Jesus Christ was born, if we may credit the testimony of the learned Calmet, was afterwards devoted by the Emperor Adrian, to the celebration of the mysteries of Thammuz or Adonis. Diet, in V. Hence the pyramids of Egypt were accounted to be Tombs. And justly; for the rites of initiation there celebrated were funereal. Thus they controlled senators and kept monarchs in awe ; and as they increased in riches, the inevitable result of the system, they imbibed a corresponding love of magnificence and luxury.

And the Christian has no reason to doubt the accuracy of this account, from the numerous instances, in his own scriptures, of infernal spirits being ejected at the command of Christ and his Apostles. He says Zos. But the festivals having been neglected from the time that Dioclesian abdicated, they have decayed and sunk into oblivion.

Psellus says, that in Athens they were practised till the eighth century; and we are assured, on undoubted authority, namely, from the Bardic writings of that period, that they were celebrated in Wales and Scotland down to the twelfth century of Christianity. The moon is depicted in its increase as a crescent, because Isis is represented with horns, like a new moon. These were a transcript of the talismans of Persia and Arabia, which were delivered to every candidate at his initiation into the mysteries.

By the former they were termed azlmet; by the latter, alakakir; and subsequently abrac, abraxas, or abracadabra. Maurice is of opinion that they proceeded thence to the remotest regions of the west. These primitive inhabitants practised the patriarchal religion, and consequently worshipped the true God, until they were conquered and subjected to the yoke by the idolatrous Cuthites under Rama, the victorious son of Cush ;t and then the diluvian Mysteries were introduced, with all the horrible rites and disgusting superstitions which had polluted the religion of the descendants of Ham.

At this place the devotees surround themselves with fire till they are reduced to ashes, imagining they are, by this act, pleasing the deity. X Fab. This custom of accounting the three peaked mountain holy was not confined to the idolatrous nations, so called, but was venerated by the Jews.

Thus Olivet, near the city of Jerusalem, had three peaks which were accounted the residence of the deity, Chemosh—Milcom—Ashtoreth. See also Zachariah xiv. Tatian Orat. I Fab. But in process of time, when the Sabian worship was engrafted upon the rites of the ark, its influence extended also to the sacred commemorative dance. These stupendous edifices, carved out of the solid rock, and charged with statues of every description and degree of magnitude, are of doubtful origin.

And in the Heetopades, p. I They may probably be ascribed to the first Cuthite conquerors of India, whose enterprising genius would be applied, in times of peace, to such stupendous works as might practically exhibit a striking indication of their superiority over the vanquished people. II Goldingham, in Asiat. Many of them have four hands, many have six, and in those hands they grasp sceptres and shields, the symbols of justice and ensigns of religion, the weapons of war and the trophies of peace.

As other temples are usually adorned with figures emblematical of their religion, so Jagan-nath has representations, numerous and various, of that vice which constitutes the essence of his worship. The walls and gates are covered with indecent emblems, in massive and durable sculpture. The more conspicuous figures are all gorgeously arrayed, after the Indian fashion, with heavy jewels in their ears, with superb collars of precious stones, with belts sumptuously wrought, and with rich bracelets on their arms and wrists.

This orifice is used at the present day for the same mysterious purpose. II Vid. Signs and Symbols, Lect. In every cavern was a carved bason to contain the consecrated water of ablution, on the surface of which floated the flowers of the lotus, this element being considered the external medium by which purity was conveyed. Buchanan, Res. II I do not find what particular stage was the most auspicious for this purpose, except it was the ninth day of the decrease; at which time began the great festival in honour of the goddess Durga, who was the same as Juno, or perhaps the Minerva of the Greeks.

The rites of this goddess bore a great similarity to those of Egypt and other nations. A great annual festival was held in January, on the seventh day of the New Moon, which was celebrated in honour of the Sun. Sir W. Works, vol. In Greece, children were, in like manner, initiated into the Lesser Mysteries. The cow was a sacred animal. He was inured to hardships, suffered the infliction of rigid penances]; until he attained the age of twenty years ; was restricted from all indulgences whether carnal or intellectual, and passed the whole of his time in prayer and ablution.

I These penances were indeed rigid, if Mr. Maurice be correct in his information, for he says, Ind. H A phrase meaning literally a total abstinence from animal food. Works, p. The holy Cross pointed to the four quarters of the compass ; and was honoured as a striking emblem of the universe by many ancient nations.

The two great pagodas of Benares and Mathura are erected in the form of vast crosses,. Plate X H Maur. Eternal god of gods! See also Cic. And by thee, O infinite form, the universe was spread abroad! Wilkins, Notes on the Geeta, p. According - to Mr. Moses at the Bush, and at the Mount, was enjoined to take the shoes from oif his feet, because the place on which he stood was holy ground.

Silius Italicus Bel. In 2 Chron. Several gentile philosophers affected to do the same to enforce reveifence from their disciples. Antiquities,- p. These austerities do not necessarily include the practice of morality; for the Hindoos hold that though they live in the habitual commission of every known sin throughout the whole period of their lives, yet if they are able to repeat the name of a god with their dying lips, it is a certain passport to heaven.

Ward View of the Hindoos, b. The bewailings for the loss of Sita then began. Flashes of brilliant light streamed before their eyes, which were succeeded by the blackest darkness. To his utter astonishment, the candidate now beheld shadows and phantoms of various and compound shapes, surrounded with rays of light flitting across the gloom.

His consort wandered over the earth, and filled the world with her bewailings. Mahadeva was at length restored, under the form of Iswara, and united once more to his beloved Sita. In these processions the Stolistes were distinguished by a Square; and their duty was to take care that the sacred symbols were not improperly exposed. Jones on the gods of Greece. Brahma having fallen asleep, the demon Hayagriva stole the Vedas, and swallowing them, retired to a secret place at the bottom of the sea.

The sacred Books being lost, mankind soon fell into vice and wickedness, and becoming universally corrupt, the world was destroyed by a flood of waters, except a pious monarch with his family of seven persons, who were preserved in a vessel constructed under the direction of Vishnu.

These persons accordingly entered the vessel, and the waters prevailed so extensively as to produce the entire destruction of all created matter. Here he was received by an antagonist who offered him battle. A mimic conflict ensued, in which the aspirant was victorious.

Soon the violence of the motion produced a stream of smoke, fire, and wdnd, which ascending in thick clouds replete with lightning, it began to rain furiously, while the roaring of the ocean was tremendous. The various productions of the waters were torn in pieces; the fruits of the earth were annihilated, and a raging fire spread destruction all around.

Then the Soors and Assoors commenced a dreadful battle for the possession of this glorious water, which at length decided in favour of the Soors, and their opponents fled; some rushing headlong into the ocean, and others hiding themselves in the bow'els of the earth. The mountain Mandar was then carefully replaced in its former station, and the waters retired to their primitive caverns and recesses.

The god found him out and slew him. To evince his contempt of the divinity, therefore, the giant dared him to come forth from a marble pillar. The seventh Avater forms of itself a complete and voluminous Romance, of which Vishnu is the hero, under the name of Rama, who is represented as a valiant and successful warrior. The Hindoos still expect a tenth Avater with the same impatience which the Jews manifest for their Messiah. If an inspired Apostle speaks of a third heaven; 2 Cor. Acts vii.

I From time immemorial, bells were employed in religious rites all over the eastern world. See also the Ramayuna of Valmic. Translated by Sir W. The Christians of this country, before the Reformation, were addicted to the same superstition.

And these particulars form a part of the Oath under which he was now solemnly bound; and he seals it by a sacred ablution. Facts in natural history were made subservient to the purposes of superstition. This sacred Shell which had nine valves or foldings was referred to the nine incarnations of Vishnu. II With eyes rivetted on the altar, he was taught to expect the descent of the deity in the iii. J Ibid. II The riches of many of these temples is incredible.

The pillars were covered with plates of gold, intermixed with precious stones. The idol of Krishna in the temple at Mattra had two great rubies in the place of eyes; and the floor of the hallowed temple at Naugracut was covered with plates of gold. Travels, p. The principal idol in the pagoda at Benares was decorated with chains of precious stones, some being rubies, others pearls, and others emeralds.

Voyage de Tavernier, tom. And the priests were as proud of these trophies, as if they were their own personal property. I The four heads of Brahma represent equally the four elements, and the four quarters of the globe. Her beauty was such as to excite the love of the god ; but deeming her his daughter, he was ashamed to own his passion.

Brahma, being unable to move, but still desirous to see her, a new face sprang out upon him towards the object of his desires. At length she recovered her self-possession, when the other half of his body sprang from him, and became Swayambhuva or Adima. Thus were produced the first man and woman, and from their embrace were born three sons, in whom the Trimurti became incarnate.

Within the horse was hid the body of a man of gigantic stature, having a brazen ring on his finger. This ring Gyges took, and found that it rendered him invisible. The cavern, the ring, and the giant, show pretty evidently whence this fable originated. The mare was a form of Ceres or Hippa, the mystic nurse of the ark-exposed Bacchus or Noah; the man, therefore, was the Ark. The dead giant is the gigantic Buddha, or the great father, during the period of his deathlike slumber while enclosed within the ark.

And the cavern was one of those sacred grottoes within which the mysteries were perpetually celebrated ; and from which both he and his initiated votaries were feigned to be born again. On the summit of the temple Brahma alighted, and held a canopy over the head of Sacya; while Indra, with a fan in his hand; Naga, prince of serpents and the four tutelary deities of the four corners of the universe, attended to do him reverence and service.

And now being fully regenerate, a new name was given him, expressive of his recently attained purity, and he was introduced to the chief Brahmin, in the midst of the august assembly, who received him as a brother and associate, invested him with a white robe and tiara, seated him in an elevated situation, and solemnly delivered the signs, tokens, and lectures of the Order. Ramayuna, p. Maurice Ind. Maurice is very particular in his description of. It can be woven by no profane hand ; the Brahmin alone can twine the hallowed threads that compose it, and it is done by him with the utmost solemnity, and with the addition of many mystic rites.

Three threads, each measuring ninety-six hands, are first twisted together; then they are folded into three and twisted again, making it consist of m? Such is the zennar, which being put on the left shoulder, passes to the right side, and hangs down as low as the fingers can reach. He who wished to use it, waited patiently for the ceremony of burning a widow on the funeral pile of her husband ; from the flames of which he snatched the half consumed bamboo lever by which the bodies had been secured, and retreated rapidly to his hut.

Here in the dead of night he formed this purified bamboo into a bow, and having- set up a clay image to represent his unconscious adversary, he aims an arrow at its breast, which is believed to inflict a similar wound on his enemy, that would undoubtedly prove fatal unless averted by a counter incantation. The remnant of this ancient superstition is observable amongs. This word was OM or as it was expressed in a triliteral form in the mysteries, AUM,t to represent the creative, preserving, and destroying power of the deity, personified in Brahma, Vishnu, Siva, the symbol of which was an equilateral triangle.

I Wilkins, notes on Bhagvat Geeta, p. The first letter stands for the Creator, the second for the Preserver, and the third for the Destroyer. The perfections of God are thus described in the last book of the Ramayan, translated by Sir W, Jones. Vishnu is the being of beings ; one substance in three forms ; without mode, without quality, without passion ; immense, incomprehensible, infinite, indivisible, immutable, incorporeal, irresistible.

Earth, sky, heaven, middle region, place of births, mansion of the blessed, abode of truth. Faber says, that this cipher graphically exhibits the divine triad, Balrama, Siibhadra, and Jagan-nath. Wilkins informs us, from the Bhagvat Geeta, p. X Om is termed by Dara Shekoh, the seal by which secrets or mysteries are revealed.

Nymph, p. Geometry was very early practised in India, as is evident from the true proportions of those stupendous caverns which have been already described. Maurice thinks they were the inventors of algebra. Tobit i. Thus the great father is indifferently said to be born from a cow and from the ark.

It is still used in some places as a weapon of war, and is nothing more than a large circular plate of iron, the outer edge of which is made very sharp. Through the centre a shaft passes, by means of which a rotatory motion is given to the plate, which whirls with great rapidity, and cuts whatever it approaches. It is also used without the shaft. The Bull was an emblem of religion, his four legs being representations of purity, compassion, penance, and truth ; and the triple headband with which he was usually bound denoted that he was to be worshipped morning, noon, and night.

A spear was a symbol of omnipotence, as rays of glory were of blessings emanating from the gods. Wilkins, in his notes on the Geeta, p. In Egypt it was called the lily of the Nile; and Mr. Savary vol. It is sufficiently evident, both from the preceding description of this ship, from its being- dedicated to Osiris, and from its being placed in the inland district of the Thebais, that it never was designed for a voyage at sea. Hence the Greeks designated a temple and a ship by the very same word, Naus or Naos ; and hence what is doubtless a relic of the primeval arkite idolatry, we still call the body of a church, in contradistinction to the chancel, the nave or ship.

Researches, in Asia. Here the initiation ended, and the candidate was allowed to marry, and to bring up his family. H is third probation, or BanperistJi, commenced when his children were all capable of providing for themselves, and he was weary of the troubles and vexations of active life. Ramayun, p. X Ibid. II Holwell. Seely Wonders of Elora, p. This divine Being created the waters with a thought, and placed in them a seed, which soon became an egg, brilliant as the meridian sun.

In alluding' to the Almighty, he nearly spoke as above described, placing his hand on this circular solid mass. Thus Brahm is Light ; and light is the principle of life in every created thing. X The egg which contains the rudiments of life, and was hence esteemed no unimportant symbol of the resurrection, was no other than the Ark ; and the legend in the text corresponds exactly with the belief of other nations.

Dionusus was fabled by the Greeks to be born from an egg, Orph. And he and Noah were the same person; therefore the birth of Brahma or Dionusus from an egg was nothing more than the egress of Noah from the Ark. The egg was afterwards divided into two equal parts, one of which formed the concave and egg-like canopy of heaven, and the other the earth. I It is a question whether the Creator in India was esteemed to be the true God, or an emanation, from their belief in a succession of similar worlds ; and consequently a personification of Adam and Noah, who were equally worshipped under the name of Brahma, or the creative power, because he was the parent of mankind ; for Brahma was only a created being.

Then the Calci, mounted triumphantly on a white horse, and armed with a Scimeter which blazes like a comet, shall involve all things in fire, and reduce the world to ashes. II From the ruins of every world a new one was expected to arise, where peace and harmony should prevail in a perfect and renewed creation.

From a firm persuasion that souls were subject to the process of transmigration, they considered each period to be similar and parallel in all its events. Book of Abad. At the commencement of each Manwantera the first created man, corresponding with Adam, was supposed to triplicate himself; and the three productions thus formed were the counterpart of Abel, Seth, Cain, who were worshipped as a triad of Deity.

They held the doctrine of a future state of rewards and punishments and pressed on the initiated with great earnestness, the indispensable necessity of voluntary penances to atone for sin, and appease the wrath of an avenging deity. The Mysteries of China and its dependencies were essentially similar to those of India, being derived from the same source, and containing the same rites, founded on the same general prin- cipl es ; for ancient India comprehended the whole of that vast continent.

Hence might probably oi iginate the abominable custom of burning Avidows, that they might accompany their deceased husbands into another state, and there remain united in the nuptial tie. See Fab. Wise men, who have abandoned all thoughts of the fruit which is produced from their actions, are freed from the chains of birth, and go to the regions of eternal happiness.

They were materialists, but addicted, notwithstanding, to the worship of idols. I Confucius attempted to reform the abuses which had crept into their religious mysteries; but licentiousness long indulged, could not quietly submit to the mortifying castigation of austere and unbending virtue.

And the great philosopher, who was afterwards adored as a god by his countrymen, was obliged to fly from civilized society to escape from the dreaded machinations of his powerful opponents. On his death bed he predicted that there should arise in the western part of the world a Great Prophet, Couplet, p.

The initiations were performed in a cavern ; after which, processions were made round the Tan or altar,and sacrifices offered to the celestial gods. His followers erroneously concluded that this great and powerful being was no other than Buddha or Fo himself, who was accordingly installed into their temples in a visible form, Asiat. This proceeding opened a door to other idolatrous innovations; and ideal objects of worship, attended with indecent and unnatural rites, Martin.

I The most valuable amulet they can possess is a small idol enfolded in a sheet of consecrated paper. The first forbids murder; the second, theft; the third externul impurity; the fourth, lying; and the fifth, drunkenness. They particularly recommended the candidate to afford protection to the bonzes,t that by the prayers of these holy men, they might be exempted from the fearful punishment of their bead in the shape of a gourd.

Jones, Asiat. Much merit was attached to the possession of a consecrated symbol representing the great triad of the gentile world. This was an equilateral triangle, said to afford protection in all cases of personal danger and adversity. The Rainbow was a celebrated symbol in these Fab. Le Comte. China, p. Sig-ns and Symbols, Lect. I The Egg was always esteemed an emblem of the earth.

There is a pagoda at Micao consecrated to a hieroglyphic Bull, which is placed on a large square altar, and composed of solid gold. The most remarkable thing is the Egg, which he pushes with his horns, as he gripes it between his fore feet. This Bull is placed on the summit of a rock, and the Egg floats in some water, which is enclosed within the hollow space of it. The Egg represents the Chaos ; and what follows is the illustration which the doctors of Japan have given of this hieroglyphic.

The whole world at the time of the Chaos was enclosed within this Egg, which swam upon the surface of the waters. I They worshipped a deity who was styled the son of the unknown god, and considered as the creator of the two great lights of heaven.

The bull observing this egg, broke the shell of it, by goring it with his horns, and so created the world, and by his breath formed the human species. This fable may in some measure be reconciled with truth, by supposing that an ancient tradition had preserved amongst the Japanese, some idea of the creation of the world ; but that being led into an error, in process of time, by the ambiguous meaning of the name of the Bull, which in the Hebrew language is attributed to the Deity, they ascribed the creation of the world to this animal, instead of the Supreme Being.

Restitution of Decayed Intelligence, p. He was lean of visage, having long hair and a long beard ; and was bareheaded and barefooted. In his left hand he held up a wheel ; and in his right he carried a pail of water, wherein were flowers and fruits. His long coat was girded unto him with a towel of white linen. I Kaempf. Japan, b. They were furnished with large mirrors to signify that the imperfections of the heart are as plainly displayed to the sight of the gods, as the worshippers behold their own image in the glass.

Hence the mirror was a significant emblem of the all-observing eye of the god Tensio Dai Sin. Japan, p. To this voluntary martyrdom was attached a promise of never- ending happiness in the paradise of Amidas. His memory was celebrated with annual rejoicings. Amongst the amulets used on this occasion, two were the most venerated a ring or circle wholly upon vegetable food ; to use numerous ablutions daily ; and as it is expressed by Kaempfer, kneeling down on the ground, with his buttocks to his heels, and clapping his hands over his head, to lift himself up seven hundred and fourscore times every day.

There was- also one, says Keempfer, Hist. Dai Sin, at Isge. The name of the temple Tai Singu, that is, the temple of the great God, printed in large characters, is pasted to the front of the box, and the name of the Canusi who gave the box, for there are great numbers that carry on this trade, to the opposite side, in a smaller character, with the noble title of Taiju, which is as much as to say.

Messengers of the gods, a title which all the officers of Mias assume to themselves. This Ofarrai, the pilgrims receive with great tokens of respect and humility, and imniediately tie it under their hats, in order to keep it from the rain.

They wear it just under their forehead, and balance it with another box, or bundle of straw, much of the same weight, which they fasten to the opposite side of the hat. Those that travel on horseback have better conveniences to keep and to hide it. When the pilgrims are got safe home, they take especial care for the preservation of this Ofarrai, as being a relic of very great moment and consequence to them.

X Prid. The father of Zoroaster, whose name was Poorshasp, was entirely supported by this milk ; and to it, in consequence, they refer the pregnancy of his mother, whose name was Daghda. Another account says, this cow ate the soul of Zoroaster, as it hung to the tree, and that it passed, through her milk, to the father of that prophet.

He afterwards became an attendant on the prophet Daniel, and from him received initiation into all the mysteries of the Jewish doctrine and practice. When he was born, he burst into a loud laugh, like the prince of necromancers. Merlin, and such a light shone from his body as illuminated the whole room. Professing to be a rigid Magian, this plausible impostor, like other bold innovators of all ages and nations, soon found himself surrounded by followers in every rank of life, who entered into his schemes with all the enthusiasm usually excited by novelty, and gave their most strenuous support to his projected plan of reformation.

I think also it is highly probable that two distinct personages of the same name flourished in Persia at different eras, the former perhaps the inventor of a system which the other improved. Stanley on the Chaldean Philosophy, c. I His object evidently was to restore the ancient system of worship. And he succeeded ; and established a reputation which has associated his name with those of Confucius, Mahomet, and other successful reformers of religious rites.

Lucian de Dea Syria. Zoroaster succeeded in prevailing on them to preserve the Sacred Fire, which by burning on the highest hills, was liable to be extinguished by storms and tempests, in covered tire towers,! X Hyde de Rel. He then proceeded to remodel the Mysteries and to accomplish with greater effect this design, he retired to a circular cave or grotto in the mountains of Bokhara,!

Indeed Pliny says, Nat. Belus inventor fuit sideralis scientise; and Belus was the grandson of Ham. Inscrip, p. Omnipotent Deo Mithrae. IF Just. If Maur. The four ages of the world were represented by so many globes of gold, silver, brass, and iron. Ant, vol. I The bull and sun were emblematical of the great father or Noah riding in safety in the Ark ; for Noah was the sun, and the bull was an acknowledged symbol of the Ark.

Hyde de Rel. H Maur. I Signs and Symbols. Its lofty throne of pure gold was raised on pillars refulgent with jewels of the richest lustre. II Prid. Zoroaster had become acquainted with this fact in Babylon. In the most secret recesses of this hallowed cave,t he now commenced the celebration of those famous rites which exalted his name to the highest summit of celebrity.

The fame of Zoroaster spread throughout the world. All these men, Zoroaster, Pythagoras, Plato, and others, drew alike from the sacred fountain of truth. Every body may go into the outer temple, but to the inner none are admitted but the priests ; and even amongst them, only those who are supposed, from their piety and virtue, most to resemble the deities ; and to whom the care of all religious matters is entrusted.

Here is the statue of the deity. On the other hand. II Maur. He was crowned with olive,f anointed with oil of penances, an event by no means uncommon, his body was cast into an inner cavern, and he was never more heard of. With a similar allusion to the history of the deluge, the priests of Mithras were styled Hierocoraces, or sacred Ravens; and the oracular priestesses of Hammon, Peleiades, or Doves; while in consequence of the close connection of the dove and the olive, a particular species of that tree was denominated Columbas.

The oil of ban is the balsam of Bezoin. Dissert, p. It is fancied to be rational, to have the gift of speech, and to have reigned as queen on the fabulous mountain of Kaf. X This is represented as a high ladder with seven steps or gates.

The use of the number Seven forms an important feature in all the institutions of antiquity, whether their tendency be idolatrous or otherwise. Threading the circuitous mazes of the gloomy cavern, he was soon awakened from his trance of thought, by seeing the sacred fire, at intervals, flash through its recesses to illuminate his path ; sometimes bursting from beneath his feet; sometimes descending on his head in a broad sheet of white and shadowy flame.

I Darkness was a symbol of secrecy, and hence it was adored, and hailed with three cheers. II Rich. Being hurried through this cavern into another, he was once more shrouded in darkness. A dead silence succeeded, and he was obliged to proceed with deliberate step, meditating on the danger he had just escaped, and smarting under the wounds he had received.

X Pletho, in his notes on the magic oracles of Zoroaster, says Mons. It was the custom, he adds, in the celebration of the Mysteries, to place before the aspirant, phantoms in the figure of dogs, and other monstrous spectres and apparitions. Monde Primitif. Vita Apollon.

These fabulous strug-gdes for preeminence ran through the whole system of Persian romance, which indeed derives its principal attraction from the use of this machinery. One of the most famous adventurers in fairy land is Tahmuras, an ancient Persian king. The Peris honour him wuth a splendid embassy; and the Dives, who dread him, send also another. He consults the griffin Simorgh ; she speaks all languages and knows future events. She counsels him to aid the Peris ; informs him of the dangers he will encounter, and gives him instructions how' to proceed.

She offers her assistance to conduct him to Jinnistan ; and as a token of friendship, pulls some feathers from her breast, with which he ornaments his helmet. Here Tahmuras, amongst other rich spoils, finds a fair captive, the Peri Merjan, whom the Dives had carried off, and her brothers had long seai-ched for in vain. In the Shah name, the celebrated Rostam, many ages afterwards, engages the Dive Arzshenk, who had escaped from the chains of Tahmuras, and kills him after a fierce battle.

The Dive Munheras is wounded with an arrow in the mouth by Gershab, the last king of the Pishdadian dynasty ; and he is afterwards put to death by Sohrab, the son of Rostam. J This was the emblematical Fiery Gate of heaven, through which souls descended in transmigration, under the conduct of Mercury, the celestial messenger of the gods.

Lucian, dial. Compare Maur. X See the Sixth Lect. From this doctrine probably emanated the Mahometan belief of hells, or stages of punishment in the infernal regions ; Vid. Its length is so great, as is the space between heaven and earth: its breadth equal to the distance from the east to the west; and it is made of one pearl. The divine pen was created by the finger of God; that is also of pearls, and of such length and breadth that a swift horse could scarcely gallop round it in five hundred years!

It is so endowed, that, self-moved, it writes all things, past, present, and to come. Light is its ink ; and the language which it uses, only the angels can understand. Basnage, Hist. Jews, p. All these fancies might safely date their origin from the hebdomadal division of time observed by the Creator, and enjoined on man by divine authority. X Signs and Symbols, Lect. This consecrated place was brilliantly illuminated, and sparkled with gold and precious stones.

J The radiance which illuminates the celestial abodes, gave rise to many superstitions in different nations. There is a prevailing opinion, that a thousand secret and invisible prodigies are performed on this night; and that all inanimate beings then pay their adoration to God. The aspirant, having surmounted the dangers of initiation, now claimed investiture!! I Maur. H These potent auxiliaries were very numerous, and applied to every transaction in life, how trivial soever.

Keble, a philtre by which necromancers pretended to reconcile enemies. Ghezshghaw were tufts made of the hair of sea cows, and hung round the necks of horses to defend them from fascination. Azimet, an amulet, incantation, or spell against serpents, disease, or other evil.

Sulwanet, shells, rings, or beads used as amulets. Sulwan denotes water taken from the grave of a dead man, poured from a kind of shell upon the earth, which they drink to the health of a person as a cure for love, or any severe affliction. Atfet or Antefet, small beads hung by women round their necks, as a charm to gain the affection of lovers.

Akhzet, an amulet in form of a knot, which women wear to keep their husbands faithful. Bazur and bazubend signify amulets or any kind of ligatures used in enchantment, because they are in general fastened round the arm, which the latter word implies. He was taught the existence country called Panten or Tathalamasin, there be canes called Cas- san, which overspread the earth like g-rasse, and out of every knot of them spring foorthe certaine branches, which are continued upon the ground almost for the space of a mile.

In the sayd canes there are found certaine stones, one of which stones whosoever carryeth about with him, cannot be wounded with any yron; and therefore the men of that country, for the most part, carry such stones with them, withersoever they goe. Many also cause one of the armes of their children while they are young, to be launced, putting one of the sayd stones into the wound, healing also and closing up the sayd wound with the powder of a certain fish, the name whereof 1 do not know, which powder doth immediately consolidate and cure the sayd wound.

And by the vertue of these stones, the people aforesaid doe, for the most part, triumph both on sea and land. I Ramsay on the Theology of the Pagans, p. II The throne of the deity was believed to be in the Sun, Hyde ut supra, p. In the Bhagvat Geeta, p. Even his breath was supposed to convey pollution; Vallancey, Anc.

The veneration of the Persians for Fire was so unbounded, that its pollution was strictly forbidden, even in private dwellings; the richest noble, equally with the meanest slave, would not dare so much as to spit in the fire; and if his dwelling, and every thing it contained were perishing by this devouring element, he was prohibited from controlling its progress by the use of water, which was also held sacred by the people, and was allowed merely to smother it by throwing earth, stones, or any similar anticombustible substance on it.

The Parsis of Guzerat still practise the same superstition. Strabo, 1. Berhani Kattea, cited by Wait. Zendavesta, vol. The Lord of Being created his servant free ; if he doeth good he gaineth heaven ; if evil, he becometh an inhabitayit of hell. Hist, of Popes, vol. I This being was denominated Meairog dsog, and referred to the sun.

Hyde, Rel. Bryant Anal. I Thus every month was under the peculiar guardianship of a genius, from whom it received its name ; Rich. Much may be seen on this subject in Signs and Symbols, Lect. I Orient. This doctrine is set forth in an ancient Persian book, called the Desatir, which has been recently discovered and translated into English.

And, not indeed the very forms, and knowledge and events of the Grand Period that hath elapsed, but others precisely similar to them will again be produced. And every grand period that cometh, resembleth from beginning to end the grand period that is past. From the manner in which rocs are usually mentioned in the Arabian Tales, the reader feels as much surprised at this indignation as Aladin was himself.

Perhaps the original may have been Simorgh instead of roc. Caherman name. As for Maimoune, she belonged to that class whom the great Solomon compelled to acknowledge him. This genie, whose name was Danhasch, knew Maimoune, and was seized with fear, being sensible how much power she had over him by her submission to the Almighty. He would fain have avoided her, but she was so near, he must either fight or yield. The Dives, on the contrary, are depicted as hideous in form, and malignant in mind ; differing only from the infernal demons in not being confined to hell ; but roamino: for ever around the world to scatter discord and wretched- ness among the sons of Adam.

In the Peris we find a wonderful resemblance to the fairies of the European nations ; and the Dives or Genies differ little from the giants and savages of the middle ages ; the adventures of the eastern heroes breathe all the wildness of achievement recorded of the knights in Gothic romance ; and the doctrine of enchantments in both, seem to claim one common source. The newly initiated candidate was strictly enjoined to follow the direction of this supernatural appearance, if it should happen in his day, until he had found the new born babe, to whom he was commanded to offer rich gifts and sacrifices, and to fall prostrate before him with devout humility as the Creator of the world.

The mysteries being connected with the services of religion,j' the miserable jugglers who profited by magnifying the absurd fears of superstition, carried on the deception to its utmost extent, and to the latest moment of their powers.

Here the phallus was a consecrated symbol, wdiich led to the grossest obscenities. Dynast, p. Hyde, Rel, vet. I Strabo, 1. A most appalling description of the abominations necessarily resulting from such pernicious tenets is displayed in the Apocryphal Book, called the Wisdom of Solomon, xiv. The mysteries formed an important feature in the system of religion practised amongst the Greeks. In the institutions of polytheism the gods were worshipped openly by prayer and sacrifice; and to these rites the people of every rank were admitted without distinction, because they formed the beaten track of duty which mortal man was supposed to owe to the immortal deities.

Leg-, vol. I Clem. Aris- toph. In Greece the mysteries were celebrated in honour of various deities, but the ceremonial did not vary in any essential points. The Eleusinian mysteries were performed by the Athenians at Eleusis, I a town in Attica,]; every fifth year, and were subsequently translated to Rome by Adrian.

Under the fostering care of Pythagoras and Plato, the Mysteries were greatly improved. On the Eleus. But in the mean time, from the exhalations formed from the ashes of the burnins: bodies of the Titans, mankind were produced.

His first initiation took place at Sidon ; and he was so impressed with the idea that something more was intended to be conveyed by this solemnity, than the priests were able or willing to explain, that he resolved to devote his life to the discovery. Some parts of his scheme would have been unaccountable, but from the fact of his Jewish initiation, and instruction in sacred things by Ezekiel the prophet.

Selden observes, the most accurate chronology teacheth that Ezekiel and Pythagoras flourished together, betwixt the 50th and 52nd Olympiad ; and therefore the account hinders not but this Nazaratus might be Ezekiel. Life of Pyth. X Apul. Hence the English proverb, a tongue marks a wise head. The candidate was rejected if found passionate or intemperate, contentious or ambitious of worldly honours and distinctions.

This probationary silence differed essentially from that which was denominated which implied that the initiated were bound to conceal from all the world the secrets of the institution. The former was peculiar to the exotericks, the latter to the esofericks. See Theocr. Phil, of Freem. I Ibid. Duad, the passive principle. Triad, the world proceeding from their union. Quaternary : the liberal Sciences. Jewish Ant. Jamblichus gives us the words of this oath. De vit. X The doctrine of Aristotle, says Lucian, was of two kinds, exoteric, and acroatic.

Under the first were ranked rhetoric, meditation, nice disputes on the knowledge of civil things; under the other the more remote and subtle philosophy, the contemplation of nature and dialective disceptations. The prince, charmed with his discourse, asked him what art he professed?

He answered, that he knew no art, but was a Philosopher. Leo, surprised at this new name, asked, what are Philosophers and wherein do they differ from others? Pythagoras answered, that human life is like the Olympic Games, some attend for glory, some for profit, and some to observe curiously what is there performed.

Valerius Maximus relates also, that when Pythagoras founded his school, he was asked what was the name of his system? J Odd numbers he assigned to the celestial gods, and hence all sacrifices to those beings ought to be in odd numbers. Even numbers were for the infernal deities. He accounted his system vain if it did not contribute to expel vice, and introduce virtue into the mind ; and he taught that the two most excellent things for man, were theoretic and practical virtue; i.

Phil, of Freemas. The multiplication of unity and duity once twice two make four, the Tetractys, the idea of all things, which are consummated in the number ten. How did Pythagoras reconcile this doctrine of odd and even numbers, with his known axiom, that the numbers fou7' and ten were the Tetractys, or sacred Name of God? II Stob. IT One of the methods which Pythagoras used to enforce on his disciples, the practice of moral virtue, was by the use of shoit and pithy sentences, which were symbolical of some great moral duty.

Pythagoras meant the same thing applied to an inferior purpose. It was an exhortation to his followers to pass honourably through every degree of his system, that they might attain to perfection. Use prudence and abstain from ungovernable passion. This also denoted prudence. Bind not your soul about with the chain of ignorance as the finger is bound with a ring, but be initiated into philosophy, which separates the mind from terrestrial considerations, and fits it for the contemplation of high and immortal things.

Try and prove every one before you admit him into your society as a friend and brother. Eat not the brain. Communicate not your mysteries to an idle or foolish person, for such an one will disgrace and betray you. He was, and is, and shall be. A symbol of the universe. The central fire was esteemed by Pythagoras, the mansion of Jove. He arranged his assemblies due East and West, because he said that motion began in the East or right side of the world and proceeded towards the West or left side.

Plato was deeply versed in all the mysteries of antiquity,which he believed capable of restoring the soul to its primitive purity. This however is exceeding-ly doubtful, because Pythagoras abhorred bloody sacrifices, and directed his followers to offer nothing but cakes and wine, herbs, flowers, and fruit.

Youth arriving at manhood, sees two ways before him, and deliberates which he shall pursue. If he meet with a guide that directs him to pursue philosophy, and he procures initiation, his life shall be honourable and his death happy. But if he omits to do this, and takes the left hand path, which appears broader and better, it will lead to sloth and luxury; will waste his estate, impair his health, and bring on an old age of infamy and misery.

Lives of Philos. See also the Theocr. These degrees were progres- sive, the ceremonial being in accordance with the Greek mode; and no candidate was admitted to them without an elementary course of study and privation, during which he was subjected to the Pastes, by being placed in a well for a specified period, as the medium of regeneration. His doctrines embraced disquisitions on the nature of God, and the creation and ultimate destruction of the world.

His opinion of the divine nature was, that it contained three hypostases, which he termed Tagathon—Nous- Psyche, or Goodness, Wisdom, and Spirit, the second of which emanated from the first, and the third from both. By truth he meant the speculations revealed to the initiated, who were henceforth styled Epopts, or persons who see things truly as they are ; and by the well, he meant the sacred pit or cavern where the mysteries were so frequently celebrated. He taught that God created the world, but held, from the deductions of human reason, that as something could not have been formed from nothing, the materials must have descended from some pre-existent state.

Penia observing it, steals to him, and by this deceit conceives by him. In this fable of Plato, Origen takes notice what a near resemblance the garden of Jupiter hath to Paradise, Penia to the Serpent which circumvented Adam, and Porus to the man who was deceived by the Serpent. Which he conceives to be the more probable, because of Plato his custom to wrap up those excellent things he knew under some fables because of the vulgar; for which he after speaks of his custom in altering and disguising what he had from the Jews, lest he should too much displease the fabulous Greeks, if he should adhere too close to the Jews, who were so infamous among them.

They were denominated Epimelitae. This practice was esteemed highly meritorious. It was an axiom that what is most valuable to man should be offered in sacrifice to the gods; and hence castration was invested with a high degree of supererogatory merit.

Hence we are told by Lucian, de Dea Syria. Such is the power of enthusiasm! I Signs and Symbols, Lect. The probationary tests were strict and solemn. J Apul. Cic, de Leg. Christ, p. But when the celebration was ended, and every person resumed bis ordinary station in life, the gradations of rank were defined and observed with their accustomed regularity. If the response were favourable, the rites of initiation were forthwith celebrated.

Within the cave the dust'ring bees attend Their waxen works, or from the roof depend. Perpetual waters o'er the pavement glide; Two marble doors unfold on either side ; Sacred the south, by which the gods descend; But mortals enter at the northern end.

The gate of entrance for the aspirant was from the north ; but when purged from his corruptions, he was termed indifferently, new born, or immortal, and the sacred south door was from thence accessible to his steps. The most celebrated of these Greek caverns were the caves of Eleusis, Athens, the grotto of Trophonius at Lebadea in Beotia, and the horrid subterraneous dens of Samothrace.

Streams of water ran through various parts of its dismal area; which served equally for the purpose of lustration, and to shadow out the diluvian waters pervading the material world. It appears to have been dedicated to that purpose with an intensity of labour that produced the solidity which bids defiance to the ravages of time. The Arabians have a tradition, says Greaves, in his Pyramidogra- phia, that the Egyptian pyramids were built by Saurid Ibn Sal- houk, king of Egypt, who lived three hundred years before the flood?

The pyramidal form of building was adopted alike for its firmness and durability; and its symbolical reference to the Sun from an imitation of the spiral flame. And what are the spires of our present churches but an imitation of this primitive system of pyramidal architecture?

Its sides went sloping down with stairs formed out of the natural rock, descending gradually from the top to the bottom. The dyke stretched in a direct line from east to west, more than a furlong, bearing still the same figure of stairs running in right lines all along its sides. Here the priests, crowned with serpents, the symbols of initiation, performed their dreadful and unhallowed rites. Their incantations com- court cut in the rock containing an altar or cromlech, and two pyramidal towers at the distance of about half a mile from it.

It cost us some time and pains to get into them, the avenues being obstructed first with briars and weeds, and then with dirt, but we removed both these obstacles. Going down seven or eight steps, you come to the mouth of the sepulchre, when crawling in, you arrive in a chamber which is nine feet two inches broad and eleven feet long.

In this chamber are seven cells for corpses, two over against the entrance, four on the left hand, and one unfinished on the right. These cells were hewn directly into the firm rock. We measured several of them, and found them eight feet and a half in length, and three feet three inches square. It had eleven cells, of somewhat a less size than the former, lying at equal distance all round about it.

Passing out of the first room foreright, you have two narrow entrances, each seven feet long, into a fourth room. This apartment was nine feet square ; it had no cells in it like the others, nor any thing remarkable but only a bench cut all along its side on the left hand. Several other similar ranges of subterraneous caverns are found in the same neighbourhood, which might be, and probably were connected together.

An eg'g of w'onderful magnitude was reported to have fallen from heaven into the river Euphrates, and to have been rolled by fishes to the bank. Nigidius and other authors have recorded the same thing. De Verit.

If this be correct, the imitative thunder is easily accounted for. These terrific noises rapidly approach, and the din becomes tremendous, reverberated, as it doubtless was, in endless repetitions, from the echoing vaults and lofty caverns within whose inextricable mazes he was now immured.

Paul admonishes the heathen converts to beware of dogs. They were symbols of the KaKobaifXMv, or evil genius, and were used and worshipped in the way of propitiation. I Pletho. The celebrate Barker Anubis latratorem, semicanem deum. Cerberus, the infernal monster, was here represented in mimic shew with his three heads, which are said by Porphyry to have referred to the rising, southing, and setting of the Sun ; Apud Euseb.

Oral, 12, Orig. The scriptural account of it is very brief, yet it sets forth one circumstance of high importance. There was a thick darkness in all the land of Egypt three days they saw not one another, neither rose any from his place for three days. See on this point. The same rites were also celebrated by the Phrygians and Byblians in honour of Attis and Adonis or Thammuz. Mystical orchard, ib. On the symbou of oruibism.

Anguinum, Various symbols illustrated, The oak, Misletoe, Symbolical language, Creation and deluge, immortality and a future state, ib. Place of punishment, The liberal sciences, , Botany, medicine, and languages, Morality and truth, His system, Uvads, Natoral canre of iniliation in Narway, d« t6.

Beaoenl ie tomb of Voira, Invocatioa and magical oeremonieSy Account of his death, n. Progress through the subterranean passages of initiation, 21T. Door of expurgation, Illuminated Hum, S Oath, Sign of the cross, Magic, Charms, Idols multiplied, 2B1. Temple of the tri-une god Odin — — Frea, Creation, 28S. Deluge, 2S4. End of the world, New creation, Mysteries, VitsUputiliy the mercy, Tescalipuca, the god of vengeance, Serpents, n. Painful probations, Bloody tions, Manner of sacrificing a human yictim, n.

Horrible sights isplayed, Regeneration, Creatioii raction, Cosmogony of the American sayages, n. IfTaiideilngs of the fiiit settlers in Moxico, Cerkmonies op the Pbrdvians. Triad, 2C2. Annual festival, General conclusion. Rod of Bacchus, ib. Candidate made to personate the Indian Avaters, Hindoo penances, Machinery of the Apocalypse, n. On this false basis we find too many of the iren hurrying through all the degrees of the Order, with- irerting to the propriety of one step they pursue, or ising a single qualification to entitle them to advance- Passing through the usual formalities, they consider lves authorised to rank as masters of the art, solicit and offices, and even assume the government of the lodge, r unacquainted with the rules of the institution that they!

The consequence is obvious ; anarchy and on ensue, and the substance is lost in the shadow: — men, who are eminent for ability, rank, and fortune, tly view the honours of Masonry with indifierence; hen their patronage b solicited, either accept offices uctaace, or reject them with disdain, sofiry has long laboured under these disadvantages, ry zealous friend of the Order must earnestly wish for tion of the abuse. Some of them are necessarily short; but this will be amply compensated for by the extent, and variety of the Notes with which each Lecture is accom- panied.

Preston, Esq, Manchester, P. G, Chap. Vou have been the means of enlightening many persons ignorant of the design of Masonry, in my own immediate neighbour- hood, and of persnading them that ' Men may disgrace Masonryi but that Masonry cfto never disgmee tfiem'.

Bmik, Scotland. Jews CoUege, Oxford. William Tiffen, Hythe, Kent, [ have derived so great pleasure from the perusal of your al publications on Free-Masonry, that I cannot refrain Ting you my best thanks, as a member of that body, for iborious research you have manifested therein, and the Eictory conclusions you have enabled studious brethren to!

From Bro. Oliver, in testimony of the high opinion we entertain of his talent as manifested in his Works on Free- masonry; — for the instruction which we have individually derived from their perusal; — and for the further extension of the valuable Science of Freemasonry, which we anticipate will be the happy result of his arduous and unremitted ex- ertions in so good a cause.

John Williams, Esq. Highmore, Esq. Sherbome, Dorsetshire. If your materials are sufficiently arranged to enable you to circulate a Prospectus when you distribute your forth- coming publication, you could then ascertain, at a very trifling additional expence, what the probable sale would be, and whether it would be likely to repay you for your very laborious, though praise-worthy exertions in the cause : and, if you resolve on publishing, you would at least know the Dumber of copies that could be immediately disposed of, so as to determine on the additional quantity, if any you might chuse to have printed for sale.

I have also been requested by many lircthrcn to publish an uniform Edition of my AInsonic Sermons ; and 1 y others to editc a Volume of original Masonic Poetry. I therefore propose, if it meet the wishes of the firaternity, to compile a concluding' Volume of the same size and price as the present, which shall contain, 1.

MaddUm, Esq. Samuel Noble, P. Robert Hudson, P. Your book has been put into the hands of respectable and intelligent persons, not freemasons, who have admitted that your Lectures have given them an idea of the Order they never conceived before. Tennyson, Esq. Lincolnshire, Patron, 20 copies.

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Rogers Henry, Pa. George's Chap, and P. Trevor, Esq. Flintshire lodge. Mold, 4 copies. Rowe William, P. Rowe Henry Francis, Do. Butter J. Skelton William, S« W. John, Grimsby. W, lodge of Honour, Bath. Smith C. Britiffe, Esq. Ionic lodge. Sydenham John, P. Thorpe J. Tomlinson R. Turner Matthew, bookseller, Beverley. Twemlow John, Hatherton, J. Washboume Henry, bookseller, London, 50 copies.

Wheeler John, S. Whitney James, Salopian lodge, Shrewsbury. Wimble John, S. Howard lodge, Arundel. Wood John, Embrey, Salopian lodge, Shrewsbury. Woodgate William, Old Charlton, Kent. Worthington W. Collins, lodge of Unity, Lowestoft. Initiation may be traced to a period of the most remote antiquity. In his days cities were built ; of these, that which was the least, was Edessa.

He discovered the knowledge of the Zodiac and the course of the Planets ; and he pointed out to the sons of men, that they should worship God, that they should fast, that they should pray, that they should give alms, votive offerings and tenths. It will be observed thai in the latter part of the above quotation, Enoch is converted into an idolater; but the author evidently blends into one, the characters of Enoch and Enos.

Wait nt supra. Maimonides however was. These are his words: In the days of Enos the son of SeA, men fell into grievous errors, and even Enos himself partook of their infatuation. Impressed with. But after the flood the altar of Darknessf was -a;! At first indeed they did not suppose the stars to hei the only deities, but adored in conjunction with them, the Ldrd God Omnipotent.

In process of time however, that great and venerable Name was totally forgotten, and the whole human race retained no other religion than the idolatrous worship of the host of heaven. The patriarch Noah however should have been excepted from this general charge of idolatry, for we know from an authority higher than that of Maimonides, that Noah was a just man and walked with God. Thus Atlas is represented as sup- porting the heavens on his shoulders ; a fiction arising entirely out of his reputed knowledge of astronomy, for Atlas was but a personification of Enoch, who is said to have invented or greatly improved this sublime science.

Heraclitus de incred. Signs and Symbols, by the Author of this Work. Signs and Symb. X The mysterious systems of polytheism branched off into two great sects, which have been distinguished by mythologists, under the names of Buddhism and Brahmenism, each possessing its own peculiarities which marked a distinctive character ; separating their professors from each other by conflicting ordinances, and often producing inextinguishable hatred and sanguinary hostility.

The mixed tribes who emigrated from Shinar under the direction of a Cuthite priesthood and nobility adopted the latter system, while the unmixed tribes adhered to the former. Idol, vol, ii. In all the general principles of idolatry they were substantially the same ; but the latter was a more warlike system, and its followers partook of the martial spirit of its founders, the ancient Sacse. The distinctions between these two sects were arbitrary. The Buddhists were Magians, the Brahmenists were Sabians; and, how abhorrent soever it may apppear from the mild and bloodless character of the primitive Buddha, the former maintained their superiority by the sword, the latter were peaceable and addicted to the arts of civil and social life ; they also professed to pay their devotions to one supreme God, while the Buddhists held the figment of two independent principles of Good and Evil, who were deemed to be perpetually at T'arianee with each other.

In some nations the two systems became, ih b3 solemnized with such splendour of ceremonial pomp and imposing magnificence of decoration, that they excited universal notice, and their peculiar symbols were introduced into the celestial sphere. At the dispersion, the impious architects of Babel travelled into distant countries, each tribe under its ostensible leader, bearing the sacred Ark of the favourite deity, under whose protection they penetrated into un- known dimes without dread or dismay.

Of these, the Indians and the Britons may be marked out as the chief. I have been particularly. They were in-. Hist Arab. Hence it will follow by a clear induction that all the Mysteries throughout the world were the same in Bubfltance, being derived from one source, and celebrated in honour of the same deities, though acknowledged under different appellations.

In it they placed the Sun as the fountain of light and heat; and assigiied to him as the acknowledged representative of the great father, the office of pilot," Pag. Each of these deities had legitimate and appropriate symbols, which ulti- mately became substituted for the antitype, and in- troduced amongst mankind the worship of animals, and the inanimate objects of the creation.

This doctrine was a fearfrd engine in the hand of a politic priesthood to enslave the mind through the influence of imaginary fears. What could be more terrible than the contemplation of a punishment which degraded the human soul beneath its natural superiority of character, and con- signed it to a long succession of transmigrations through the polluted bodies of ravenous beasts, or loathsome reptiles?

Works, vol. He who tteals the gold 4if a priest, shaU pass a thousand times into the bodies qf spiders, qf snakes and chameleons, qferocodUes and other aquatic monsters, or qf mischievoms, Uopdr-suekmg demons. In the Bbagvat Geeta this degrad- ing species of punishment is still more pointedly denounced on the despisers of the sacred Mysteries.

And to those who contend that Masonry is nothing more than a miserable relic of the idolatrous mysteries, vid. Can the fig tree bear olive berries? The wisdom that is from above is first pure then peaceable, full of mefcy and good fruits.

James iiL 11, 13, I wish to be distinct and intelligible on this point, as some misapprehensions, probably veilful, are afloat respecting the immediate blgect of my former volume of Signs and Symbols, and I have been told tbat the arguments there used, afibrd an indirect sanction to the opinion thittMascmry is derived from the Mysteries.

In those distant times, and amongst the people who had renounced the homage which the creature owes to the Creator, the rites of initiation were so indispensable, that no one could rise to any degree of celebrity in the similar prineiples with the design of conveyiiig unity and permanenoe to the false worship, which it otherwise oonld never have acquired.

Initiation involved all the profuse and complicated mechanism of heathen mythology; and many of the political and domestic customs of antiquity may be traced to the same inexlmustible and prolific soaree. This wan a figurative repre- sentation of the descent of Noah into the Ark, which was a place of refuge from the punishment inflicted on the sins with which the old world was stained.

Ant of Masonry, p. The ram as wfHX as the boU iva a legitimate symbol of the Ark of Noah, and hence the motives which produced the superstition wUl not be difficult to account for. Wliiston, whose power of attraction not only elevated the tides to a prodigious height above their customary level, but bunt the ceBtial abyss and caused the waters to rush out with a dreadful concussion,— ften the lustration may be said, as it actually was in the Mysteries, to have been accomplished by firt and water i and it.

The candidate, at his initiation, was a representative of the patriarch during his erratic voyage and sub- sequent ddivery from destruction. And the account in Hesiod's Theogony of the degtrnction of the Titans, who were no other than the impious antedi- Ittviansy is replete with the same terrific machinery; thunder, lightning, fire, and water.

In the highly figurative account of the deluge exhibited in theConrmaAvater of the Hindoos, the mountain Mandar, which repre- sents the earth, is said to be involved in ngmg JUams which spread destroction on every side. Bhagvat Geeta. It was indeed a common belief amongst all nations that the deluge was accompanied by a torrent of fire.

Norway, p. Hyde de Rel. Vid, etiam Plat. Syst p. Idol, vol. Myst Cab. Celt Res. Ant vol. Edda Snor. Aat vol. They celebrated the myaticid death and revivification of some individual, by die use of emblems at once impious and disgusting. David accuses the Israelites of this abominable practice in the Psalm, v. Hymn 6. Argon, 1. OpMon was no other' than the infernal Serpent, the equal foe of God and man. Cic, de Senect. But the infiuit and lotos was an emblem of the.

Sim, Plut de Isid. At the inyasion of Cambyses it was but imperfectly under- stood; and in the time of Alexander the Macedonian, none could be found to shew the meaning of, or design anew, a hieroglyphical inscription. II An opinion was industriously promulgated that the sacred hieroglyphic and language was the same as was used by the celestial deities. Paneg« I Clem. Thus the Argonauts are fabled to hare been initiated at Samothrace to procure an auspicious voyage; Apollon« Rh6d.

C 2 20 Open to public inspection. We esteem not tiic Sciences or languages which we know, equally with others of which we are ignorant; and those are always deemed the most abstruse, of which we possess the least degree of information.

From the prevalence of this general feeling was public curio- sity attached to the mysteries. They professed to be a short and certain step to universal knowledge, and to elevate the soul to absolute perfection; bat the means were shrouded under the impenetrable ttiask of secrecy, sealed by oaths and penalties the most tremendous and appalling.

A laudable thirst after knowledge prompted the youth of all ranks to aspire to the ambition of decyphering the meaning and illustra- tibn of these obscure symbols, which were said to have been communicated to the priests by revela- tion from the 'celestial deities. Elesuin: c. To excite this sentiment in all its sub- limity of horror, the initiations were performed at dead of night ev fTKorw cae wKTi.

But the potent spell which sealed the authority of the. J It is difficult to pronounce with any degree of pre- cisip. Pi what was the origin of this revolting practice, all,hough it might probably have arisen from an im- perfect knowledge of the prediction of the Messiah. Black the emblem of night, was considered the proper colour to shadow the mysteries; Strabo. Geogr, 1. Brit vol. Iris, the rainbow, the daughter of Thaumas, is represented by Hesiod, as hovering over the broad surface of the ocean, when this oath of Jupiter was taken.

Now that such a phenomenon appeared imiae- diately after the deluge, we are expressly informed by Moses ; and it is observable moreover, that it was made a special sign of GKid's oath to. Petit, in lege Attic, p. I Virg, JEn. Thus the hierophant could rouse the feelings of horror and alarm ; light up the fire of devotion, or administer fuel to the flame of terror and dismay; and when the soul had attained its highest climax of shuddering apprehension, he was furnish- ed with the means of soothing it to peace by phan- tasmagoric visions of flowery meads, purling streams of w«f.

We are told by an acute observer, that the second pyramid has two elaborate pieces of carem architecture attached to the north and west sides, thirty feet In depth, and fourteen hundred feet in length, hewn out of the solid rock on which the pyramid rests ; and hollowed into an extensive range of apart- ments.

The entrance is narrow, and the construction of the cells intricate, all involved in darkness, and many of them closed up with an accumula- tion of dust aud rubbish. ToL iii. The whole island was dedicated to Osiris and Isis, and appropriated to their wor- ship ; and a superb temple was erected, which almost covered its entire surface, where the relics of Osiris were said to be preserved. Maurice, Ind. Norden to run subterranean passages. He attempted to descend several of the steps that led down into them, but was prevented by the filth and rubbish with which they were filled, from penetrating to any depth.

Even the stable, or rather the cave at Bethlehem,- in which Jesns Christ was bom, if we may credit the testi- nooy of the learned Calmet, was afterwards devoted by the Emperor Adrian, to the celebration of the mysteries of Thammuz or Adonis. Hence were the pyiWBid» of Sgypt aooouQted to be Tomb0« 26 despotic, it is scarcely to be supposed that this proud hierarchy would exercise its enormous in- fluence with moderation.

India is a very ancient nation; derived, if its ovrn annals are deserving of credit, from the seven Kishis or penitents, whose exemplary virtues ele- vated them to a residence in the stars. And the christian has no reason to doubt the accuracy of this account, from tiie numerous instances, in his own scriptures, of infernal Bp'mfA being ejected at the ooBMuand of Christ and his Apostles.

Maurice is of opinioii that they proceeded thence to the remotest regions of the west. These primitive inhabitants practised the patriarchal religion, and consequently wor- shipped the true God, until they were conquered and subjected to the yoke by the idolatrous Cuthites under Rama the victorious son of Cushjf wd then the diluvian Mysteries were introduced, with. This custom of accounting the three peaked mountain holy was not confined to the idolatrous nations, so called, but was venerated by the Jews.

See also Zechariah xiv. These caverns were frequently excavated in the bosom of a grove of trees, which was thus converted into a permanent residence of the deity ; and became asource of high and superstitious terror to all the world besides. A brief description of the caverns of Efepbanta and Salsette, both situated near Bombay, will afford a competent specimen of the inner apartments exhi- bited in the places of secret celebration which abound in the vast continent of ancient India.

These stupendous edifices, carved out of the solid rock, and charged with statues of every description and degree of magnitude, are of doubtftil origin. Signs and Symbols, p. Idot toI. Many of theiiv have four hands, many have six, and in those hands they grasp sceptres and shields, the sym- bols of justice and ensigns of religion, the weapons of war and the trophies of peace.

The walls and gates ara covered with indecent emblems, in massive and durable sculpture. Ant, vol, ii, p. In this sacellum, accessible only to the initiated, the deity was represented by that obscene emblem, which was used in a greater or less degree by all idolatrous nations to represent his generative power. This orifice is used at the piMWAt day for the same fnysterious purpose. I Vid. Signs and Symbols. In every ca- vern was a carved basou tp contain the consecrated water of ablution, on the surface of which floated the flowers of the lotos, this element being considered the external medium by which purity was conveyed.

Buchanan, Res. The rites of this goddesa bore a great similarity to those of Egypt and other nations. Gent, Fast p. X Oidin. X Ordin. Sir W. Ant, yol. I These penances were indeed rigid, if Mr. Maurice be correct in his information, for he says, Ind. Much of his time was devoted to the study of the sacred books; for a competent knowledge of the institu- tions, ceremonies, and traditions of religion were an essential qualification for another Degree. When he had attained the specified age, if he were found, on due examination, perfectly master of all the mythological lore of the First Degree, he was admitted to enter on the probationary cere- monies for the Second, which was called Gerishth.

Ant toI. X A phrase jneaning literal! I Ayeen Akbety. Works, p. The holy Cross pointed to the four quarters of the compass; and was honoured as a striking emblem of the universe by many ancient nations. It is found engraven on their monuments ; and even the erection of many of their temples was conducted on the same cruciform principle.

The two great pagodas of Benares and Mathura are erected in the form of vast crosses of which each wing is equal in extent, Maur. A specimen of the Crux Ansata may, he seen in Pococke's elaborate description of the East. Plate The interior of this holy cavern blazed with a light equal to that of the meridian Sun, proceeding from myriads of brilliant lamps. Mystagogues, clad in sacred vestments, having their heads covered each with a pyramidal cap, emblematical of the spiral flame, or the solar ray, were seated respectfully around.

Thus dis- posed in solemn guise, the' well known signal from the sacred Bell i summoned, the aspirant into the centre of this august assembly; arid the initiation commenced with an anthem to the great god of nature, whether as the Creator, Preserver, or Destroyer. The sacred business was then solemnly opened with the following apostrophe to the Sun : " O mighty being, greater than Brahma, we bow down before thee as the prime Creator!

Eternal god of gods! The world's mansion! Thou art the in- corruptible being, distinct from all things transient! Ind« Ant. I Signs and Symbols, p. Asiat Res. II Ramayuna of Valmic. Wait Orienlit Ant. Thou art the supreme mansion! Vid, Wilkina. Notes on the Geeta. According to Mr. Herodotus and Diodorus Siculus assure us, that when the Egyptian priests adored vny of their deities, their feet were uncovered. According to Strabo, such was the practice with the sacerdotal order among the Germans ; and such was the case in the worship of Diana and Yesta, which the fiUhers assert to have been borrowed from Moses.

Pea nuduSy tonsteqtu tonus, castumque cMUy Inrestricta focis servant altaria flammae. In 2 Chron. Ward, View of the Hindoos, b. The bewailings for the loss of Sita then began. Flashes of brilliant light streamed before their eyes, which were succeeded by the blackest darkness. This god, who was the Cupid of Hindoostan, is said to have been slain by Iswara, and committed to the waves inclosed in a chest, like the Grecian Bacchus, and the Egyptian Osiris.

Ant toL t. His consort wandered over the earth and filled the world with her bewailings. JottM mi liie gods of Qieece. Signs and Symbals. II From time immemorial, heUs were employed in religious rites all over the eastern world. See also the Ramayuna of Valmic.

In India no religious ceremony was esteemed efBeacioas if unaccompanied by this indispensable appendage. And these particulars form a part of the Oath under which he was now solemnly bound. The awful moment was now arrived when the ceremony of initiation had attained its highest degree of interest; the pealing Conch was blown,f the folding doors were suddenly thrown open, and tion from the hated spot,, and take refuge in deep caves and inaccessible. I The riches of many of these temples is incredible.

The pillars were covered virith plates of gold, intermixed vnth precious stones. The idol of Krishna in the temple at Mattra had two great rubies in the place of eyes ; and » the floor of the hallowed temple at Naugracut was covered with plates of gold. Travels, p. The principal idol in the pagoda at Benares was decorated with chains of precious stones, some being rubies, others pearlSj and others emeralds.

Voyage de Tavemier. In some of the pagodas the ears of the monstrous idols were gilded and full of jewels, their teeth and eyes of gold. Bonad of the eternal trumpet. The history of the pcodoctioii of these four. Puranay in Fab. IdoL vol. Her beauty was such as to excite the love of the god; but deeming her his daughter he was ashamed to own his passion.

During this, conflict between shame and love he remained motionless with his eyes fixed upon her. At length she recovered her self possession, when the other half of his body sprang from him and be- came Swayambhuva or Adima. I shall mention only one, the mysterious Ring of Gyges, which was reputed to render the wearer invisible. This ring Gyges took and found that it rendered him inyislble. The cavern, the ring, and the giant, shew pretty evidently whence this fable originated.

The mare was a form of Ceres or Hippa, the mystic nurse of the ark-exposed Bacchus or Noah ; the man therefore was the Ark. The dead giant is the gigantic Buddha, or the great father during the period of his death- like slumber while inclosed within the Ark.

By the fatigue attending these protracted cere- monies the aspirant became exhausted; and there- fore to renovate his spirits, he was made to drink a fomented liquor out of a human scull. And now being fully regenerate, a new name was given him, expressive of his recently attained purity, and he tras introduced to the Chief Brahmin, in the midst of the august assembly, who received him as a bro- ther and associate, invested him with a white robe and tiara, seated him in an elevated situation, and' solemnly delivered the Signs, Tokens and Lectures of the Order.

An inverted level was' inscribed on his breast, to express his recently ac- quired dignity, by which he was advanced to an equality with the superior order of the priests. Maurice Ind. The salagram,! Maurice is very particular in his description of this sacred Cord.

It can be woyen by no profane hand ; the Brahmin alone can twine the hallowed threads that compose it, and it is done by him with the utmost solemnity, and with the addition of many mystic rites. Three threads, each measuring ninety -six hands are first twisted together ; then they are folded into three and twisted again, making it consist of mne, i.

Such is the zeiuNir, which being put on the left shoulder, passes to the right side, and hangs down as low as the fingers can reach. We are not informed what was the absolute nature of this charm ; but the following was considered sufficiently efficacious to destroy an enemy. He who wished to use it, waited patiently for the ceremony of burning a widow on the funeral pile of her husband ; from the flamea of which he snatched the half consumed bamboo lever by which the bodies had been secured, and retreated rapidly to his hut.

Here in the dead of night he formed this purified bamboo into a bow, and having set up a clay image to represent his unconscious adversary, he aims an arrow at its breast, which is believed to inflict a similar wound on his enemy, that would undoubtedly prove fatal unless averted by a counter incantation. The Hindoos used charms on every occurrence in life, and generally had the Lingam suspended from their necks.

Ant voL v. The remnant of this ancient superstition is observable amongst the un- educated rustics in almost every part of Europe 4 but in India it still exisiB in all its primitiye force. This mystic emblem of the deity OM, is forbidden to be pronounced but in silence. The first letter stands for the Creator, the second for the Preserver, and the third for the Destroyer.

His operations no mind can conceive ; and his Will moves all the inhahi- tants of the universe, as puppets are moved by strings. Fabersays, that this cipher graphically exhibits the divine triad Balrama, Subhadra, and Jagan-nath. Mansion of the blessed, Abode of truth. The science of Astronomy occupied a propor- tionate share of attention during this display; but Mr.

An Elephant's head was the visible emblem of this awful Name. AsiaU Res. E 3 64 its more abstruse problems were hid from common investigation by the enigmatical obscurity with which they were studiously invested. Geometry was very early practised in India, as is evident from the true proportions of those stu- pendous caverns which have been already described. Maurice thinks they were the inventors of Algebra.

Their sylvan residence imparted a taste for the study of Botany, which exemplified itself in the practice of Medicine and Surgery; nor were they ignorant of Chemistry, Mineralogy, Metal- lurgy; and excelled in many other abstruse arts, as well as those domestic manufactures which are at- tendant on civilization, and contribute their aid to the refinements of social life. The Bull was an emblem of Religion, his four legs being representa- tioDS of Purity, Compassion, Penance, and Truth; and the triple headband with which he was usually bound, denoted that he was to be wofishiped morn- ing, noon, and night.

Tobit i. Thus the great father is indifferently said to be bom from a Cow and from the Ark. It is still used in some places as a weapon of war, and is nothing more than a large circular plate of iron, the outer edge of which is made very sharp. Through the centre a shaft passes, by means of which a rotatory motion is given to the plate, which whirls with great rapidity, and cuts whatever it approaches.

It is also used without the shaft, for Mr. Wilkins in his notes on the Geeta, p. Savary, vol. It was the great vegetable amulet which distinguished the, eastern nations. The triangle within a circle referred to the Trimurti;t and the Trident had a similar all u»ion.

X The fact is that the entire -worship of these idolaters, was, and stiU continues to be, nothing less than a disgusting scene of lasciviousness, obscenity, and blood. Researches in Asia. J The fourth Degi'ee was believed to impart an extreme portion of merit to the intrepid sage who possessed courage enough to undertake the per- formance of its duties. After being formally in- stalled by an assembly of his caste, he was solemnly bound by oath to the following observances: to rub his whole body every morning with ashes; to avoid the company of women; to wear heavy and incon- venient clogs, made of wood; to subsist entirely on alms; to renounce the world and all his former con- nections, and to exercise himselfin incessant con- templation.

The mysteries of China and its dependencies were essentially similar to those of India; being derived from the same source, and containing the same rites, founded on the same general principles ; for ancient India comprehended the whole of that vast continent. A recapitulation of the ceremony of initiation will therefore be unnecessary, and I shall confine my notices of China and Japan to the detail of a few prominent facts, which constitnted the shades of difference between them and other Asiatic nations.

Jones Works, vol. They were materialists, but addicted, notwithstanding, to the worship of idols. X Confucius attempted to reform the abuses which had crept into their religious mysteries; but licentiousness long indulged, could not quietly submit to the mortifying castigation of austere and unbending virtue.

The Emperor aiid his grandees disregarded his admonitions; the Manda-. He retired into the desert, and formed a school of philosophy, to which he invited all who were inspired with a love of virtue and science ; and the genial effects of his improTed system were reserved for the exgoyment of posterity. On his death bed he predicted that there should arise in the western part of the world, a Gkeat Prophbt, Couplet, p. His followers erroneously concluded that this great and powerful being was no other than Buddha or Fo himself, who was accordingly installed into their temples in a visible form, Asiat.

Hist p. The whole is then deposited in :» small box and buried with the deceased as a passport to heaven, and a m certaia deliverance fnun the dreaded evil of successive tisuiWBigraiioiui. Much merit was attached to the possession of a consecrated symbol representing the great triad of the gentile world.

This was an equilateral triangle, said to afford protection in all cases of personal danger and adversity. Jones, Asiat. The aspirant, however, was the representative of Noah ; and the ark, which was accounted his mother as well as his wife, was actu- ally surrounded by a Rainbow at the time of his deliveralice or new birth ; and hence he was figura- tively said to be the offspring of the Rainbow.

Le Comte. China, p. His neck is adorned witii a very costly collar; but that indeed is not the principal object that commands our attention. The most remarkable thing is the Egg, which he pushes with his horns, as he gripes it between his fore feet.

The Mooa by virtue of her Light and her other influences, attracted jfrom the bottom of these waters a terrestrial substance, which was insensibly conveiied to a Rock, and by that means the Egg rested upon it. The Bull, observing this Egg, broke the Shell of it, by goring it with his horns, and so created the world, and by his breath formed the human species.

This fable may in -some measure be reconciled with truth, by supposing that an ancient tradition had preserved amongst the Japanese, some idea of the creation of the world ; but that being led into an error, in process of time, by the ambiguous meaning of the name of the Bull, which in the Hebrew language is attributed to the Deity, they ascribed the Creation of the world to this animal, instead of the Supreme Being. Restitution of Decayed Intelligence, p. He was lean of visage, having long hair and a long beard; and was bareheaded and barefooted.

In his left hand he held up a Wheel; and in his right he carried a pail oC water, wherein were flowers and fruits.

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Vredespaleis trijntje oosterhuis torrent Deut xii. And now arrived on the verge of death and initiation, every thing wears a dreadftil aspect. Machinery of initiation, Western Diyision of Lancashire. His opinion of the divine nature was, that it contained three hypostases, which he termed Tagathon—Nous- Psyche, or Goodness, Wisdom, and Spirit, the second of which emanated from the first, and the third from both. All these fancies might safely date their origin from the hebdomadal division of time observed by the Creator, and enjoined on man by divine authority.
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Fast and furious 7 full movie download utorrent G, St. Peculiar meaning of Darkness, 5. Should there be any inaccuracies, therefore, in any of the titles, sizes, or number of volumes, I must claim the indulgence of my readers. The niybtcries, arkite, 13o. Rowe William, P. Many also cause one of the annes of their children while they are young, to be Uunced, putting one pf.
Pemain pocong mandi goyang pinggul torrent St Eastern Diyision of Lancashire. J It is difficult to pronounce with any degree of pre- cisip. The murder of one of the Cablri by one of his brothers, like the death of Osiris and Bacchus, related to the symbolical death of Noah. Being hurried through this cavern into another, be was once more shrouded in darkness. Cave of initiation,
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